First Aid Advice

Step 1: Control bleeding

Apply direct pressure to control bleeding. (Wear gloves or use other protection to avoid contact with victim’s blood.)
Wash a minor surface injury with soap and water after the bleeding stops or is reduced.
Cover the wound with a clean dressing and bandage.
Step 2: Ice bumps and bruises

Place a cold pack or ice on the injury to reduce swelling and pain. Placing a cloth between the injury and the ice pack helps prevent tissue damage from severe cold.

Step 3: Observe the victim

Watch for vomiting or changes in mood or alertness. If you notice changes, call for medical help. Signs of concussion may not appear for up to 48 hours.
Tell the person’s partner, parent, or roommate about the injury so he or she can continue to observe the victim.